What is a NeoClassical architecture? How do we know if the building has a Neoclassical design?
Based on my most trusted sources, neoclassical or the “new” classical architecture describes buildings that are inspired by the classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. In 1563, Giacomo da Vignola, a Renaissance architect outlined the principles of Classical architecture in a treatise titled The Five Orders of Architecture. Followed by Andre Palladio, a renaissance architect inspired the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome because of his Neoclassical designs. His ideas became the model for architecture in Europe for many centuries. European classicism is based on simplicity and symmetry which we can see the virtue of the arts of Rome.
Here’s some structure in europe that has a design of neo classical architecture
this is the Academy or National Academies designed by Theophil Hansen who is a Danish architect who later became an Austrian citizen. the Academy is located in Athens, Greece. the National Academies is a school for people who wants to become scientist, writers, or artist.
Royal Scottish Academy Building
This is the Royal Scottish Academy Building. It is also a school and it is the centre of Edinburgh. the school was designed by William Henry Playpair. He was one of the greatest architect in Scottish during 19th century. The Royal Scottish Academy is a neo-classical design and because of neo-classical design it helped Edinburgh to transform in to modern day Athens of North.
We had a trip in intramuros and our first destination is the National Museum. Here in Philippines, we also have Neo-classical Design and one of this is the National Museum.
“OH MY GOSH!!!!!!!!SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO HOT!!!!!”, one of my classmate’s complains. “ Why do we have to go through this kind of MISERY?WHYYYY??!!!” complained by my other classmate, while we were walking to the National Museum with the sun stood up proudly in the sky. With no trees on our way, It was like a “nightmare” in the day because of the sun’s ultraviolet rays that is penetrating through our skin. We have no other choice but to get throught these test, for us to arrive to one of the country’s building which has a neoclassical design.
You can classify a building whether it is a Neo classical Building or not by the symmetrical shape, tall columns that rise the full height of the building, triangular pediment, and a domed roof.
“AT LAST!!! We’re here!!WOHOOO!” one of my classmate said, that was a very exhausting start of the tour. We didn’t waste any second of our time, we directly start our tour in the interior part of the building. It was sooooooo big that why we have no idea where to start.
The national museum of the Philippines is establish in 1901. it is the guardian of natural history and cultural heritage of thePhilippines. It is the house of artifacts and artworks made by popular artist here in Philippines. It is located near Intramuros next to rizal park. The main building of National Museum was design by an architect Daniel Burnham in 1918. Neo-classical is the design of National Museum.
The influence of Neo-classicism is very visible. The four columns located at the high facade.
the interior of the National Museum also has a column and it is the ionic column.
the Black and White flooring.
the Second floor plan of National Museum.
the Spolarium painting by Juan luna.. I was amazed by this painting because it is so big and i think it painted by a number of years… 😀 I was astonished by the beauty of the different paintings and exhibits of the museum, the preserved animals, etc.
After we had taken the necessary pictures we proceed to our next destination, the Department of Tourism. During that time, I was already imagining the terror that awaits us. We will again face our undisputed enemy, the very terrifying heat of the sun. As we expected, it is STILL VERY HOT! Good thing, there are vendors who sold us bottled water to help us succeed our journey. After a few minutes,( it was like forever because of the heat! ) we can already view the Department of Tourism.
The Department of Tourism or DOT is a sector of the government of the Philippines responsible for the regulation of the Philippine tourism industry and the promotion of the Philippines as a tourist destination . The Philippine Tourist & Travel Association was organized in 1950 and Started as a private initiative to promote the Philippines as a major travel destination. . A Philippine Tourism Commission was created under the unified Trade and Tourism Department to oversee the growth of the tourism industry as a source of economic benefit for the country. In 1986, President Corazon Aquino, now the Department of Tourism was reorganized and the Philippine Convention Bureau was renamed as Philippine Convention and Visitors Corporation.
I quickly used my camera and took some pictures. I was so excited that in a few minutes, we will be able reach our next goal. AT LAST! We arrived in our destination. When I ask if we can enter, may classmate told me that we are not suppose to enter in department of Tourism. I was like? WHAT THE! Oh well, there is nothing we can do. That is why I just took some pictures of its exterior again. The Department of tourism has the same design of National Museum. the color, the style is the same. It also has a column that influenced by Greek architecture.