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Always Follow Your Intention. Don't Live In A World Of Other People's Perceptions! :)

ART DECO in Philippines.

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This is the last day of submission of this last blog. I’ve been so busy in a past few weeks because of the requirements that we have to submit.  actually i want it to finish this blog as early as i can, but the time and schedule is i found out that march 16 is the last day or due date of the two blogs which is about ART DECO style and INTERNATIONAL style. SO this blog is about the ART DECO buildings here in Manila. we planned to go to manila for this blog. and I want to explore and see in actual those structures with art deco style but because of our complicated schedule, i didnt get to explore.. So what i did is to research those structures that has a Art deco style here in Manila. And i found out that Far Eastern University (FEU) and Manila Metropolitan Theatre has an Art Deco style. but before that, let me introduce what is ART DECO style.

ART DECO STYLE

Art Deco style is began in Paris in the 1920’s. it is an eclectic artistic which means the variety of style or mixed style of art. the style flourished internationally in 1930’s. Art deco has a style of dramatic, sleek and geometric because of their cubic forms and zigzag designs. The style influenced all areas of design like architecture, interior design, industrial, fashion, jewerly etc. According to Wikipedia: “The term “art deco” was first used widely in 1926, after an exhibition in Paris, ‘Les Années 25’ sub-titled Art Deco, celebrating the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts) that was the culmination of style moderne in Paris”.

Far Eastern University

Far Eastern University is one of the preserved art deco buildings in the country. These include the Nicanor Reyes Hall, FEU East Asia College of Engineering and Computer Studies, Law and Nursing Building, Auditorium/Administration Building and the Science Building.

 

FEU buildings is designed by National Artist Pablo Antonio. The other campus structures is designed by Felife Mendoza. FEU were constructed between 1930-1950.

 

 

 

Far Eastern University along Morayta street in Manila, This is the Architecture and Fine arts building. As you can see, in every corner you look, there are straight lines, squares, triangles, curves, all form of geometric pattern has in this building.  It looks like a modern style building. 

 

This is the FEU administration building. columns has a design of a large cube of pillars. contrasting dark blue and ivory tint color and it gives a feeling of coolness inside. It looks like a museum of art because of the paintings and the style of its interior.

 

The art deco stairs at the side of Administration building.

 

This is the font style of FEU. And its so beautiful and unique than the other schools font style. According of what I researched this font style is based on an ancient Filipino script known as baybayin. Far Eastern University is maintaining and preserving of its grandeur as a prime Art deco. FEU’s campus is noted for a number of historical buildings preserved from the first half of the 20th century. And because of that, the UNESCO has recognized the Far Eastern University as an honorable mention in the 2005 Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation.

 

 

QUEZON HALL vs. CRANBROOK MUSEUM

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THANK GOD IT’S FRIDAY!! And we need to go to UP Diliman just to see the Quezon hall and to have some observation of the said structure. Again, we have another blog in our history subject. Our professor asked us to compare the Quezon hall designed by Architect Juan Nakpil and the Cranbrook Academy of Art Museum and Library designed by Architect Eliel Saarien. And if does Juan Nakpil deserves to be the National artist for Architecture. At first, I don’t really know how the Cranbrook Art and Science Museum looks like. And I heard that the Cranbrook designed looks like the Quezon Hall. They have the same of idea in design. Under the strong heat of sunlight, we decided to go to UP diliman to have some observation about the Quezon hall and to have some pictures of the Quezon Hall. So what is Quezon hall?

THE QUEZON HALL

The Administration building called THE QUEZON HALL. It is located at UP diliman,Quezon City, behind the oblation statue. The Quezon Hall is designed by Architect Juan nakpil and built in 1950.

Architect Juan Nakpil is a famous architect here inPhilippines. He is also a civil engineer, teacher, civic leader, he is a pioneer and innovator in Philippine Architecture. He has integrated strength, function, and beauty in the buildings that are country’s heritage today.  He designed the Avenue theater, Quapo church, U.P Carillon, Quezon institute, Rizal house, rufino building.. etc. he was named one of the National Artist for Architecture, and tapped as the dean of Filipino architects.

 YEAH! i need to had some pictures of the Quezon Hall with myself and i decided to take a shot under the strong heat of the sun. I observed that the huge facade was inspired by neoclassical architecture.

the Quezon Hall has 8 tall columns in four columns in front and four columns in back side of the structure. It serves as the foundation of the structure.

the columns has capitals and flutes as detail.

the column has a 24 flutes.

At the back side of the Quezon Hall is a huge field of grass and its called Amphiteatre.

this is the third time that i met the Quezon hall but its the first time to take a closer look and feel the said structure. i felt like it has a freedom on it like I am free of what i want to do, maybe because of the huge view of Amphiteatre.  I enjoyed taking pictures, have jump shot and rolling around the field of green grass.

CRANBROOK ACADEMY OF ART MUSEUM AND LIBRARY

The Cranbrook Academy of Art Museum and Library designed and built by Eliel Saarien. A Contemporary Art Museum. it has a sculture in the middle and it is called Europia and the Bull by Swedish sculptor Carl Milles. it is made of bronze.

the long steps leads up to the tall straight pillars of the Cranbrook Art Museum and was so attracting. the design is simple but eye catching. the columns are plain, unlike the columns of the Quezon hall. All are plain. but one the thing that make it beautiful is the Trillon pool.

CranBrook Museum vs. Quezon hall

As what i saw, cranbrook museum and Quezon Hall has the same idea of design and only thing that make it difference is the details of their structure. I can say that Juan Nakpil copied the designed of Eliel Saarien. maybe Juan Nakpil’s concept is the Cranbrook museum, or he’s idol is Eliel Saarien. I really dont know what the story behind Juan Nakpil. Why he designed the Quezon hall looks like the Cranbrook museum. One thing that I can say is Juan Nakpil is a great national artist because of his contributions in Philippine Architecture not because of the famous Quezon hall but all the structures that he designed.

NEO CLASSICISM

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What is a NeoClassical architecture? How do we know if the building has a Neoclassical design?

Based on my most trusted sources, neoclassical or the “new” classical architecture describes  buildings that are inspired by the classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. In 1563, Giacomo da Vignola, a Renaissance architect outlined the principles of Classical architecture in a treatise titled The Five Orders of Architecture. Followed by Andre Palladio, a renaissance architect inspired the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome because of his Neoclassical designs. His ideas became the model for architecture in Europe for many centuries. European classicism is based on simplicity and symmetry which we can see the virtue of the arts of Rome.

Here’s some structure in europe that has a design of neo classical architecture

THE ACADEMY

this is the Academy or National Academies designed by Theophil Hansen who is a  Danish architect who later became an Austrian citizen. the Academy is located in Athens, Greece. the National Academies is a school for people who wants to become scientist, writers, or artist.

Royal Scottish Academy Building

This is the Royal Scottish Academy Building. It is also a school and it is the centre of Edinburgh. the school was designed by William Henry Playpair. He was one of the greatest architect in Scottish during 19th century. The Royal Scottish Academy is a neo-classical design and because of neo-classical design it helped Edinburgh to transform in to modern day Athens of North.

We had a trip in intramuros and our first destination is the National Museum. Here in Philippines, we also have Neo-classical Design and one of this is the National Museum.

“OH MY GOSH!!!!!!!!SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO HOT!!!!!”, one of my classmate’s complains. “ Why do we have to go through this kind of MISERY?WHYYYY??!!!” complained by my other classmate, while we were walking to  the National Museum with the sun stood up proudly in the sky. With no trees on our way, It was like a “nightmare” in the day because of the sun’s ultraviolet rays that is penetrating through our skin. We have no other choice but to get throught these test, for us to arrive to one of the country’s building which has a neoclassical design.

            You can classify a building whether it is a Neo classical Building or not by the symmetrical shape, tall columns that rise the full height of the building, triangular pediment, and a domed roof.
            “AT LAST!!! We’re here!!WOHOOO!” one of my classmate said, that was a very exhausting start of the tour. We didn’t waste any second of our time, we directly start our tour in the interior part of the building. It was sooooooo big that why we have no idea where to start.

The national museum of the Philippines is establish in 1901. it is the guardian of natural history and cultural heritage of thePhilippines. It is the house of artifacts and artworks made by popular artist here in Philippines. It is located near Intramuros next to rizal park. The main building of National Museum was design by an architect Daniel Burnham in 1918. Neo-classical is the design of National Museum.
                                                 The influence of Neo-classicism is very visible. The four columns located at the high facade.
the interior of the National Museum also has a column and it is the ionic column.
the Black and White flooring.
the Second floor plan of National Museum.
the Spolarium painting by Juan luna.. I was amazed by this painting because it is so big and i think it painted by a number of years… 😀 I was astonished by the beauty of the different paintings and exhibits of the museum, the preserved animals, etc.
After we had taken the necessary pictures we proceed to our next destination, the Department of Tourism. During that time, I was already imagining the terror that awaits us. We will again face our undisputed enemy, the very terrifying heat of the sun. As we expected, it is STILL VERY HOT! Good thing, there are vendors who sold us bottled water to help us succeed our journey. After a few minutes,( it was like forever because of the heat! ) we can already view the Department of Tourism.
The Department of Tourism or DOT is a sector of the government of the Philippines responsible for the regulation of the Philippine tourism industry and the promotion of the Philippines as a tourist destination . The Philippine Tourist & Travel Association was organized in 1950 and Started as a private initiative to promote the Philippines as a major travel destination. . A Philippine Tourism Commission was created under the unified Trade and Tourism Department to oversee the growth of the tourism industry as a source of economic benefit for the country. In 1986, President Corazon Aquino, now the Department of Tourism was reorganized and the Philippine Convention Bureau was renamed as Philippine Convention and Visitors Corporation.
 I quickly used my camera and took some pictures. I was so excited that in a few minutes, we will be able reach our next goal.  AT LAST! We arrived in our destination. When I ask if we can enter, may classmate told me that we are not suppose to enter in department of Tourism.  I was like? WHAT THE!   Oh well, there is nothing we can do. That is why I just took some pictures of its exterior again. The Department of tourism has the same design of National Museum. the color, the style is the same. It also has a column that influenced by Greek architecture.

BAROQUE

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..A walk to remember..

                “ wake up!it’s time for school!”, Oh my! Those lines again! The most depressing words that I always hear early in the morning. I only got  2 hours of sleep thanks to our design.   “yes! i’m coming…” I replied, I proceed to my daily routine, I took a bath, had my breakfast, and put on my uniform. OK! Im done! I’m  ready for another day of stressful school activities!!! When I had arrived at school, as usual, I was in a bad mood because of the 2 hour sleep. If you can only see me that day, I looked very depressed and miserable as if our house was burned or something. That went through the whole time until I heard an angelic line saying, “ The professors in HOA and Building Technology will not be around!” I was shocked and awaken, It was like, I was released from a life sentence, or being cured from a severe illness. I was very happy when I heard of that, that is why we decided to have our tour on the different cathedrals.  we asked our professor in our last subject Building Utilities, if we can  postpone our meeting for the given reason. Gladly, it was granted so we proceed to the dormitory of one of our classmates to settle everything. After 2  hours, we headed to our first destination,

The San Agustine Church

San Agustine church is also known as “ Inglesia ni San Pablo” is the oldest stone built church in the Philippines located  inside the historic walled city of Intramuros. This church is a significant monument to the Spanish colonization of the Philippines.  It was built by the Spaniard Juan Macias in 1586 and was completed in 1606. Luciano Oliver later renovated it in 1854. It has an elliptical foundation that allowed it to withstand the numerous earthquakes that have destroyed many other Manila churches.
It is said that the design was derived from churches built by the Augustinians in Mexico. The facade is criticized as “lacking grace and charm” but the ornate carvings on its doors classified that  baroque architecture is observed.
As we were traveling to San Agustine church, I was very excited because I really appreciate different kinds of designs especially when it comes to baroque/ renaissance architecture. But unfortunately, It was not as we expected. The church was closed that is why we don’t have other choices that is why we only have its exterior.
the design of its exterior is simply amazing.. and it so dirty.. honestly, i dont like the color of its exterior. I appreciate it when it dont have any color.
it is called fu dog..  i was amaze of this sculpture. the first time a saw this, i think deeply if its a dragon or a lion.. then it comes to my mind that it look like a dragon, (dragon dance) when Chinese new year. :)) it so cute but scary..:D
this is the door of San Agustine church. As you can see, the door is so big and has a sculpture of saint on it. Its looks something that has a meaning of this door because of its design.
another information about san agustine church
After we had took the pictures on the exterior parts of the San Agustine church, we proceed to our next destination, the Santa Cruz Church,

The Santa Cruz Church

            The church was built in 1608 by the Jesuits as a parish church for the Chinese that was converted to christianity. The church became dominican when the Jesuits was excluded from the country.It’s original structure was severely damaged by numerous earthquakes and was completely destroyed during the World War 2, in 1945.
                During our tour in this historical place, I felt really bad on how the guard in that place threat us. He won’t allow us to took pictures in the church because he thought that it was disrepectful. That is the reason why we only took pictures secretly, we didn’t had enough pictures or the more detailed ones because of that incident.
i dont know what is it called but its like a frame of rose window..:D
this is the interior of sta.cruz church. It looks modern design but has a chinese influence design.
I took a picture of the altar secretly. I noticed that it dont have a any image of jesus or mary. dont even have a crucifix . the altar has a different design than other catholic church.
Bisazza tiles were used in the wall of the altar. the interior of the church is quite and peaceful. But when i came near on the altar. it look something creepy or weird, maybe because of the strange aura or atmosphere that is hidden beneath it..
the columns of the church with a golden lining.. a natural light ventilation.
    ….. After that devastating experience, we proceeded to our next destination, the Binondo church,

The Binondo Church

               Also known as “Minor Basilica of St. Lorenzo Ruiz” was founded by the Dominican priests in 1596 to serve their Chinese converts to Christianity . It is one of the oldest places of Christian worship in the Philippines. The original building was destroyed by the British bombardment in 1762. It was reconstructed by a new granite church completed in 1852. Over the centuries, the original structure of the church had sustained considerable damage from different natural disasters and the World War 2. Only the Octagonal bell tower and the western façade survived.
                From the Santa Cruz Church, we boarded a jeepney to take us to our last destination, the Binondo Church.
When we went off the vehicle, my first impression was irritated or something because of the various obstruction to the rear side of the church, we can’t took a clear view of its rear. So we proceeded to its façade, it was quite old but still very interesting.
When we entered the church, I was astonished as well as very delighted of the replica of the façade of St.Peter’s Basilica on the celling of the church.
this is the second time that i visited the binondo church. the fist time i visited, i was so amazed by its design in the interior, specially the paint of jesus with angels on the ceiling.
the beautiful interior of binondo church. the interior has so many painting or very rich on paintings on the ceiling. I think binondo is the most beautiful church when it comes in interior.
the dome with paintings of trompe l’oeil of angels circulating Jesus
binondo church also has a black Nazarene
After having enough pictures, we decided to call it a day. It was a very memorable tour in thoses historical places. I learned a lot during the tour. THANKS TO MY EVER BELOVED CLASSMATES AND FRIENDS!!!!GOOOOOODDD BYE!!!!:-*

San Sebastian Church

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What comes into your mind when you hear the word, gothic? isn’t it dark?, evil? Something that’s scary? Well as for me, the thing comes into my mind when I hear that word is, “HARRY POTTER!!”

For me, gothic or gothic is something that is magical, something that deals with witchcraft, where witches and wizards uses broom sticks for transportation, and they possesses wands that can attack you with dark magic or turn you into smaller creatures, invisible cloaks and many more. When it comes to their fashion in clothing, with long dark robes and pointed hats. They really look like they are from the underworld, that has a mission to destroy humanity, and take over the world. We’ll, that’s what gothic is for me. But, what is the exact definition of the word gothic?

The term Gothic was first used during the later Renaissance , and as a term of contempt. Says Vasari, “Then arose new architects who after the manner of their barbarous nations erected buildings in that style which we call Gothic”, while Evelyn but expresses the mental attitude of his own time when he writes, “The ancient Greek and Roman architecture answered all the perfections required in a faultless and accomplished building” — but the Goths and Vandals destroyed these and “introduced in their stead a certain fantastical and licentious manner of building: congestions of heavy, dark, melancholy, monkish piles, without any just proportion, use or beauty.”

Gothic vs. Romanesque

Gothic cathedrals have many more windows, and much bigger windows, and so they are not dark like Romanesque churches. This is because the architects have learned some new ways of making roofs and of supporting walls, especially the groin vault and the flying.

Gothic churches are also usually bigger than Romanesque churches. By 1200AD, people had more money available, and they could afford to spend more on building great churches. And, where many Romanesque churches had wooden roofs (which were always catching fire), Gothic churches had safer stone roofs.

The Gothic architecture was designed of fantastical and licentious manner of building: congestions of heavy, dark, melancholy, monkish piles, without any just proportion, use or beauty.

I enjoyed going out and look for the churches that we’ve learned from our history subject. Going anywhere like inSan Sebastianis so hassle and tired because we don’t know what a perfect day for us to go there.

San Sebastian church

The Basilica Minore de San Sebastian, better known as San SebastianChurch, is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Manila, the Philippines. It is the seat of the Parish of San Sebastian and the National Shrine of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel. The Church of San Sebastian was raised into the status of a minor basilica by Pope Leo XIII on June 24, 1890. The following year, on August 15, 1891, the all-steel church of San Sebastian was inaugurated and blessed. 

The interior of the church displays groined vaults just like what a Gothic architecture should be, the steel parts of columns, walls and ceiling were painted to resemble marble and jasper by Filipino artist Lorenzo Rocha and his students. The main altar and pulpit are made of wood and trimmed with gold leaf. Equally impressive are the huge fonts that hold holy water for the ritual benediction.

As a wedding church, it exudes the magnificence of the old-world church gothic church.

The high ceiling, long aisle and towering columns is reminiscent of the beautiful Westminster Abbey.

The stained glass windows commissioned from Germany are finely crafted and well maintained has remained expressive and original through the years.

the rose window inside the church. reflected by the lights.

the rose window exterior of the church.

the dome.

front and left side view of the church.

As San Sebastian Church remains the only steel church in Asia and probably the only large steel church in the world its survival is still the main point.

The Church of San Sebastian is a declared National Historical Landmark per Presidential Decree No. 260. State funding was accorded to the church through the National Historical Institute which undertook restoration of the church since 1982. The Recollect community has likewise expended funds for the church’s maintenance and restoration.

The Romanesque Architecture in Manila

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The monastic style proper, then, in its peculiar power and influence, was Romanesque, and with the Cluniac order we may understand what it really came to, what was its effect on the spirits, the imagination.”

Walter Pater

What is Romanesque Architecture?

The style which grew up on the decay of the Roman empire, and is known as Romanesque, was carried on throughout practically the whole of the Western empire that is, in those countries which had been directly under the rule of Rome. The Romanesque may be said to include all those phases of Western European architecture which were more or less based on Roman art, and which were being carried out, in a rough and ready way, in various parts of Europe, from the departure of the Romans up to the introduction of the pointed arch in the thirteenth century. The style of architecture immediately preceding gothic within Europe. The term Romanesque was first given to this type of architecture in the 19th Century due to it’s similarities between the barrel vault and the Roman arch.  Church buildings, art, and sculpture, were all used for the purpose to spread the Christian Gospel. In addition the Romanesque architecture incorporates components of Byzantine and Eastern origin. This distinctive style drew many of its early forms from the previous Carolingian period which began during the reign of great Charlemagne. The name literally refers to the intent of designing in the style or manner of Rome.

Many regional expressions of form developed throughout Europe, Romanesque often refers to all works of this era, including the later Norman variations. The most recognizable feature of these buildings is there massiveness. In a general sense, it is easy to distinguish such structures from their more slender descendants in the Gothic era.

Romanesque churches were the first buildings to incorporate monumental sculpture since ancient Rome and the first to use a stone vault instead of a wooden roof. Other characteristics of Romanesque include round arches, large towers, thick walls that build in brick and limestone. small windows and Because of this, the churches interior was dim. , stone barrel vault or groin vault , round arches, thick and heavy pillars, round “blind arches” and decorative details inside and out. When they were first built, Romanesque churches were alive with color and imagery, serving as a visual Bible to a mostly illiterate population.

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my manifesto in architecture.­

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Keep your dreams alive. Understand to achieve anything requires faith and belief in yourself, vision, hard work, determination, and dedication. Remember all things are possible for those who believe.

          All of us have our own dreams and aspirations. Dreams that we are longing to come true. But then, not all dreams are meant for us. Sooner or later, we will be able realize what is prepared for us. In my childhood days, I wanted to be a stewardess, because I love to travel to different places. I would like to go to Canada, USA, Greece, etc. But all of  the sudden, in my 4th year in high school, I realized that I wanted something else. Something that will make me SUCCESSFUL and RICH. With the fact that I do have anxieties of pursuing the course Tourism because, I have that certain kind of feeling that I will not be successful. And because of it, I looked for a course that will really fit my ability, and after few months of thinking, I came up of an idea of pursuing the course architecture. I haven’t dreamt of this. Me as an architect? Was that even a joke? In my childhood days, I already knew that I have that certain kind of talent when it comes to drawing. I LOVE drawing pictures that usually came from the television, books and especially houses, and dreamt  that it will be the place that I will be living in the future. One of my favorite hobby was designing house interiors on internet games and because of it, taking up Fine Arts was also an option.

          Business Administration was also an option,  because my father want me to take up the course Business Administration that is  major in Human Resources because he told me that Business Administration is in demand and can be hired easily. I thought that it was final, until I had a talk with an Business Administration student. I compared business administration to architecture. During that talk, I was convinced to pursue Business Administration because of certain reasons like, architecture is a very difficult subject, it will only give you sleepless nights, and you will be experiencing hell in this course. Those reasons didn’t scare me, until i found out that the course architecture, is a very expensive course. I don’t want to be a burden to my family especially my dad, who really works hard. Having this kind of situation, I decided to pursue the course Business Administration. The night before my enrollment, I was asking myself, can I see myself few years from now as a business woman? How about my dreams of building and designing my own house? Later that night, I realized that what I really want is to be an architect. So I decided to pursue my dream as an architect. I told my father about my plan of taking up architecture instead of Business Administration, I told him that if it will be a big burden, It’ll be fine with me to stick with Business Administration. But then, he told me “Up until now, I am working very hard to give you a convenient life. I also want to see my children fulfill their dreams and aspirations. And if that is what you really want, then it’s a YES! Make me proud as your father of having a daughter who is an architecture graduate”. Hearing these words from my father, I was very happy, all the burdens, anxieties, and sufferings regarding my future were all gone. It feels like I was holding a very large and heavy rock, and then it suddenly disappeared. I thank my dad and promised him that I will do my best to pass all my subjects and to graduate as soon as possible. I really want to be an architect because of my dreams that someday I will build a house for my parents and also i want that house is my own design.

     After a few months, I had finally decided to pursue the course Architecture. so I enrolled to a colleges with an Architecture course. In my 4th semester taking an Architecture course I can say that I can handle all the things about architecture I have learned a lot but I’m still not satisfied of what  I’ve learned. I want to learn more things about architecture course and so I want to excel more. I know that Architecture is a difficult course and I believe in myself that I can do it. I can pursue it, and I can finish my course in time.  The things that inspired me to pursue this course, was because of the works of some famous and successful architects. I also wanted to be like them. I wanted to be famous! I wanted to be successful! I wanted to be acknowledged of my works someday like what happened to those famous architects. I also wanted to be an inspiration to others. If they can do it, so do I!

      Having  architecture as my course is a lot of fun. Unlike traditional colleges where you must slog yourself in study halls and libraries, reading and writing all the time, the course  Architecture gives me the liberty to use the right side of my brain, the creative part. I get a lot of opportunities to showcase my creativity and ingenuity while designing structures. I enjoyed learning and studying with my classmates. I’ve learned to draw freely upon my imagination. I have learned how to sketch and i love having that skills. And through the course architecture I have learned to express myself, my emotion and my fashion through art like drawing, painting and sketching.

    The work of an Architect one of the most challenging and enjoyable imaginable. Every building is different. Every project is different. There is absolutely no monotony in life. The thrill and the challenge of work are exhilarating to say the least.

Frank Gehry, he was one of the major reasons why I inspire in architecture. He’s very professional and unique as you can see in his works, it looked like the building was dancing. I am so amazed of his works.